When to plant vegetables UK

This site is an aggregation of various sowing and planting dates for vegetables (this page), herbs and flowers. With these indicative dates it’s easy to find out what would be the ideal time to start sowing and/or transplanting your crops. These guidelines are suitable for oceanic climates on the northern hemisphere. Hardiness zone 8 to be exact, which covers most of the U.K.

Vegetable sowing & planting calendar

Legend

1. Leaf and stem crops
2. Tuber and root crops
3. Onion crops
4. Cabbages
5. Legumes
6. Bleached crops
7. Fruit crops
 
Sowing under glass
 
Outside seeding / transplanting
 
Harvest
G = Days: sowing until germination
H = Days: sowing until harvest
in = Minimum distance between plants (Inch)
1. Leaf and stem crops               
►Month ▼crops+wiki JanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Endive            159012
            
            
Artichoke            2018030
            
            
Cos lettuce            129010
            
            
Iceberg lettuce            127516
            
            
Cabbage lettuce            126512
            
            
Bittercress            149012
            
            
Mustard            4906
            
            
New Zealand spinach            3010016
            
            
Indian cress            148520
            
            
Purslane            3280
            
            
Rhubarb            836020
            
            
 JanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Turnip tops            3353
            
            
Lettuce            106512
            
            
Chard            10708
            
            
Neep            101004
            
            
Romaine lettuce            15452
            
            
Spinach            10352
            
            
Asparagus lettuce            10608
            
            
Garden cress            3120,1
            
            
Corn salad            15752
            
            
Watercress            15508
            
            
Winter purslane            3300,2
            
            
2. Tuber and root crops               
►Month ▼crops+wiki JanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Potato            2012016
            
            
Topinambour            1030016
            
            
Beetroot            15854
            
            
Celeriac            2026014
            
            
Turnip            1513514
            
            
Parsnip            1526012
            
            
Turnip            12704
            
            
Radish            10402
            
            
©When2Plant.ukJanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Black radish            10906
            
            
Salsify            152004
            
            
Carrot Winter Carrots            152408
            
            
Summer Carrots            152408
            
            
Hamburg root parsley            101304
            
            
Leek Summer harvest            201706
            
            
Autumn harvest            201706
            
            
Winter harvest            201706
            
            
3. Onion crops               
►Month ▼crops+wiki JanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Tree onions            12906
            
            
Scallion            161006
            
            
Garlic            201806
            
            
Shallot            101304
            
            
Welsh onion            201701
            
            
Sowing onion            152202
            
            
Cutted union 1st yr.            152202
            
            
Cutted union 2nd yr.            152202
            
            
Winterunions            152202
            
            
Pearl onion            152202
            
            
4. Cabbages               
►Month ▼crops+wiki JanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Kale            1016030
            
            
Cauliflower Early harvest            1517524
            
            
Summer harvest            1517524
            
            
Autumn harvest           .1517524
            
            
Winter harvest            1517524
            
            
Broccoli Summer harvest            810020
            
            
Winter harvest            810020
            
            
Napa cabbage            159012
            
            
Romanesco            1011024
            
            
Kohlrabi            88510
            
            
Chinese cabbage            109010
            
            
©When2Plant.ukJanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Red Cabbage Early harvest            1516020
            
            
Summer harvest            1516020
            
            
Autumn harvest            1516020
            
            
Cabbage Early harvest            1512020
            
            
Summer harvest            1512020
            
            
Autumn harvest            1512020
            
            
Winter harvest            1512020
            
            
Savoy cabbage Early harvest            1516024
            
            
Summer harvest            1516024
            
            
Autumn harvest            1516024
            
            
Winter harvest            1516024
            
            
Brussels sprout            1525024
            
            
5. Legumes               
►Month ▼crops+wiki JanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Asparagus pea           .121202
            
            
Field Pea            10702
            
            
Pea            10702
            
            
Snow pea            10702
            
            
Runner bean            12902
            
            
Haricots verts            14704
            
            
©When2Plant.ukJanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Snap beans            14704
            
            
Green bean            14704
            
            
String bean            14704
            
            
Pole beans            14704
            
            
Pole haricot            14704
            
            
Broad bean            14704
            
            
6. Bleached crops               
►Month ▼crops+wiki JanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Celery            1516014
            
            
Chicory            410012
            
            
Radicchio Autumn harvest            412010
            
            
Winter harvest            412010
            
            
Chicory roots            152804
            
            
7. Fruit crops               
►Month ▼crops+wiki JanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Strawberry            2017014
            
            
Eggplant            409031
            
            
Gherkin            10906
            
            
Blue huckleberry           .4573030
           .
            
Wild strawberry           .***
           .
            
Bramble           .***
           .
            
Zucchini            109539
            
            
©When2Plant.ukJanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn
Red raspberry            ***
            
            
Cucumber            101006
            
            
Maize            1513016
            
            
Melon            1015012
            
            
Pumpkin            2014039
            
            
Black pepper            1518018
            
            
Sweet corn            1513016
            
            
Tomatoes            1013018
            
            
*Vegetative reproductionJanFebMarAprMayJuneJulyAugSeptOktNovDecGHIn

Growing your own vegetables – Tips

Advisable crops for starters
Basil
Beans
Carrots
Garlic
Lettuce
Peas
Tomatoes

Fun crops for kids
Radishes
Parsley
Kale
Potatoes
Sunflowers
Pumpkins
Zucchini
Watermelon

Crops that can grow in partial shade
Beets
Garlic
Kale
Lettuce
Parsley
Parsnip
Radish
Peas
Rhubarb
Rucola
Spinach

Companion planting
Practice companion planting to enhance pest control and encourage healthier growth. For example, planting basil with tomatoes can help deter certain pests.

Crop rotation
Practice crop rotation to prevent soil-borne diseases and maintain soil fertility. Avoid planting the same family of vegetables in the same location year after year.

Mulching
Apply mulch around your vegetables to conserve moisture, suppress weeds, and regulate soil temperature. Organic mulches like straw or compost are excellent choices.

Feeding and fertilizing
Provide nutrients to your vegetables through organic or balanced fertilizers. Test your soil and/or follow recommended application rates to avoid over-fertilization, which can harm plants.

Protect against pests
Regularly inspect your plants for signs of pests and diseases. Introduce natural predators, use companion plants, or employ organic pest control methods when necessary.

Benefits of home grown vegetables

Nutritional quality
Growing your own vegetables allows you to harvest produce at its peak ripeness. This freshness ensures higher nutritional content, as vegetables start losing nutrients once harvested. Having access to freshly picked, home-grown vegetables contributes to a more nutrient-rich and flavorful diet.

Cost savings
Producing your vegetables can lead to significant cost savings over time. While initial investments may include seeds, soil, and gardening tools, the ongoing expense of purchasing vegetables is reduced.

Environmental impact
Cultivating your vegetables at home minimizes your carbon footprint. It reduces the need for transportation, packaging, and energy consumption associated with commercial agriculture. Additionally, home gardens provide opportunities for composting and other sustainable practices, promoting eco-friendly living.

Variety and uncommon cultivars
Growing your own vegetables allows you to experiment with a wide variety of crops, including unique and less common cultivars that might not be readily available in grocery stores. This diversity enhances the culinary experience and introduces you to new flavors and textures.

Control over growing practices
By cultivating your vegetables, you have control over the growing conditions and can opt for organic or pesticide-free methods. This ensures that your produce is free from harmful chemicals, providing a healthier and safer option for consumption.

Educational value
Vegetable gardening offers an educational experience for individuals and families. It teaches valuable skills such as planning, nurturing, and problem-solving. Children, in particular, can benefit from learning about the natural world, plant life cycles, and sustainable food practices.

Physical exercise and stress reduction
Engaging in gardening activities provides a source of physical exercise. Digging, planting, weeding, and harvesting contribute to a more active lifestyle. Additionally, spending time in a garden environment is known to reduce stress levels and promote mental well-being.

Seasonal eating
Growing your vegetables encourages a connection with seasonal eating. It aligns your diet with the natural cycles of the environment, fostering an appreciation for the diverse array of vegetables available throughout the year and promoting a healthier, balanced diet.

Satisfaction and enjoyment
Witnessing the entire growth process, from seed to harvest, brings a sense of accomplishment and satisfaction. Enjoying meals prepared with home-grown vegetables adds a unique, personal touch to your culinary experiences.

Vegetable seeds

Simply Garden Pumpkin Jack O’Lantern Fresh Fruit Vegetable Seeds for Planting Grow Your Own Garden

£2.95    
(as of July 24, 2024 13:43 GMT +00:00 - More infoProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on [relevant Amazon Site(s), as applicable] at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)
Grow your own pumpkin Produces large deep orange fruits of up to 24lbs on thick stems Makes a great lantern for halloween The tasty flesh is extremely... read more

Pronto Seed Flower Bumper Pack - for Planting Now - Grow Your Own Kit - Containing 24 Different Vari...

£9.99 (£0.00 / count)    
(as of July 24, 2024 13:44 GMT +00:00 - More infoProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on [relevant Amazon Site(s), as applicable] at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)
🌻 FLOWER SEED COLLECTION: We have put together a wonderful flower seed bumper pack, consisting of 24 different varieties of flowers selected to bring ... read more

Maris Peer Seed Potatoes (Autumn/Christmas Harvesting) 10 tubers - 2020 Stock

£7.99 (£0.80 / count) £7.79 (£0.78 / count)    
(as of July 24, 2024 13:44 GMT +00:00 - More infoProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on [relevant Amazon Site(s), as applicable] at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)
Choose Pleveys Garden World seed potatoes for safe haven certified stock. Certified Scottish seed potatoes. Autumn cropping so perfect to store as Chr... read more

PREMIER SEEDS DIRECT - LETTUCE - MIXED LEAF - MESCLUN MIX - 2000 SEEDS

£2.99 (£0.00 / count) £1.69 (£0.00 / count)    
(as of July 24, 2024 13:44 GMT +00:00 - More infoProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on [relevant Amazon Site(s), as applicable] at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)
Days To Germination: 7-14 days. Optimum Soil Temp. for Germination: 40F to 75F. Days To Harvest: 30-75 days. Planting Depth: 1/8 inch. Spacing, Seed: ... read more

Maris Peer Seed Potatoes (Autumn/Christmas Harvesting) x 10 tubers from Pleveys Garden World

£7.79 (£0.78 / count)    
(as of July 24, 2024 13:44 GMT +00:00 - More infoProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on [relevant Amazon Site(s), as applicable] at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)
Maris Peer - A reliable and well known favourite yielding mellow-tasting round white tubers. Eat them warm or save and use in salads as they will not ... read more

Jamieson Brothers® Pea Kelvedon Wonder Vegetable Seeds (Approx. 54 seeds) - Premium Quality Seeds to...

£2.99 (£0.06 / count) £2.95 (£0.05 / count)    
(as of July 24, 2024 13:43 GMT +00:00 - More infoProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on [relevant Amazon Site(s), as applicable] at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)
Premium Jamieson Brothers Pea 'Kelvedon Wonder' Vegetable Seeds picked especially for your gardening enjoyment Early cropping variety Produces large c... read more

Seed Potatoes Maris Piper - 11 Tuber Pack - Easy to Grow Seed Potato

£9.89 (£0.90 / count)    
(as of July 24, 2024 13:44 GMT +00:00 - More infoProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on [relevant Amazon Site(s), as applicable] at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)
FOR BEGINNERS - Perfect variety for beginners as both tasty and easy to grow ALL ROUNDER - The Maris Piper has a golden skin and creamy white flesh wi... read more

All-Year-Round Lettuce Seeds – 450 Seeds of Crisp Butterhead Lettuce – Suitable for Indoor & Outdoor...

£2.95    
(as of July 24, 2024 13:44 GMT +00:00 - More infoProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on [relevant Amazon Site(s), as applicable] at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)
CLASSIC ALL-YEAR-ROUND VARIETY: From field to fork in under 3 months! Mild to taste with a crunchy heart and full of flavour, All Year Round lettuce i... read more

Early Nantes Carrot Seeds – 2000 Seeds – Suitable for Indoor & Outdoor Planting in Pots or Soil in T...

£2.75    
(as of July 24, 2024 13:44 GMT +00:00 - More infoProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on [relevant Amazon Site(s), as applicable] at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)
VERSATILE VEGETABLE FOR BOILING, ROASTING & SALADS: From field to fork in under 4 months! For hearty root vegetables to grow in the garden, look no fu... read more

Summer Planting Second Cropping Pentland Javelin Seed Potatoes 1kg (18 Tubers Approx.) for Planting ...

£9.99 (£0.56 / count)    
(as of July 24, 2024 13:44 GMT +00:00 - More infoProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on [relevant Amazon Site(s), as applicable] at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)
Crop: Jamieson Brothers Pentland Javelin seed potatoes for second cropping and Christmas harvesting. Quantity: 1kg pack containing approximately 18 tu... read more

Wall calendars

Gardening Vegetable Growing Planner Poster - A3 Size & Laminated - Calendar Planner Gantt Chart for ...

£9.99    
(as of July 24, 2024 13:44 GMT +00:00 - More infoProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on [relevant Amazon Site(s), as applicable] at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)
36 DIFFERENT PLANTS - Featuring 36 different plants and crops, along with their sowing, planting out and harvesting dates, you'll never be short of so... read more

Triple Pack - Fruit, Vegetable & Flower - Growing Planner Poster - A3 Size & Laminated - Calendar Pl...

£18.99    
(as of July 24, 2024 13:44 GMT +00:00 - More infoProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on [relevant Amazon Site(s), as applicable] at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)
108 DIFFERENT PLANTS - Our triple pack of posters features 108 different plants, trees, flowers and crops, along with their sowing, planting out, take... read more

Allotment gardening books

Allotment Month By Month: Grow your Own Fruit and Vegetables, Know What to do When

£17.99 £8.99    
(as of July 24, 2024 13:42 GMT +00:00 - More infoProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on [relevant Amazon Site(s), as applicable] at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)
Allotment Month By Month: Grow Your Own Fruit and Vegetables Know What To Do When Product type: ABIS BOOK Brand: DK

RHS Step-by-Step Veg Patch: A Foolproof Guide to Every Stage of Growing Fruit and Veg

£19.99 £8.28    
(as of July 24, 2024 13:42 GMT +00:00 - More infoProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on [relevant Amazon Site(s), as applicable] at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)
RHS Step-by-Step Veg Patch: A Foolproof Guide to Every Stage of Growing Fruit and Veg Product type: ABIS BOOK
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